According to Axios, the number of hospital admissions, surgeries and other medical procedures has continued to stay flat in many parts of the country, but that hasn’t prevented hospitals from retaining large sums of money and hiring more people.
Axios analyzed the financial statements of 31 prominent not-for-profit hospital systems for the first 3 months of 2019.
- This sample collectively generated $68.5 billion of revenue in the first quarter of this year. That’s $274 billion annualized or more than one-fifth of all hospital spending.
- The combined operating margin was 5.1%, compared with 4.5% in the first quarter of 2018.
- The combined net margin (after factoring in investment income) was 16.4%, a large jump from 5.5% in 2018.
- These margins are on par with some pharmaceutical and medical device companies, and well above the margins for insurers and drug distributors.
Hospitals are feasting on bigger investment returns, boosted by the stock market’s run, but they also are profiting more from commercial and public health insurer payments.
Not-for-profit hospitals don’t pay taxes and don’t have “shareholders” like publicly traded companies, so they are required to reinvest any surplus cash into their communities.
- But that money is often directed toward building new patient towers, other construction projects and executive pay instead of charity care or other forms of “community benefit.”
Newly opened patient towers at Banner Health’s academic medical center campuses in Arizona cost $1 billion and “are expected to drive additional volume increases,” Banner said in a memo last week to bondholders. Banner declined an interview request.
- “It’s clear the hospital industry today continues to be driven by volume, which is where the big returns are,” said Paul Ginsburg, director of the USC-Brookings Schaeffer Initiative for Health Policy. “Value-based [payment] approaches conflict with that.”